Focus on executive function skills in the early elementary years and help students reach their potential. These fun, functional activities teach students to plan, execute, complete, and monitor tasks.
- Improve planning and organization skills
- Improve the ability to effectively carryout plans to complete tasks
- Use self-evaluation strategies to monitor progress
Children with adaptive and self-regulatory behavioral deficits may have impairments in executive functions. Executive Functions Training Elementary develops cognitive abilities and behavior control with classroom-related activities for varying ability levels. The activities are organized into five skill areas:
Working Memory: chunking and rehearsing, linking and associations, acronyms and silly sentences, paraphrasing, and visualizing
Time Management: estimating time, planning for homework and long-term assignments, studying for tests
Planning & Organization: brainstorming, organizing notes and information, reading with a purpose, writing efficiently
Flexible Thinking: reorder sentence, rewrite sentences and paragraphs, homographs, intonation and stress
Self-Monitoring: checking for mistakes, editing written work, identifying key words in directions, combining information
Skills for Behavior–Doing: strategies for inhibition, emotional control, attention, and initiation
Much more than activities, this resource gives clinicians tools to measure and establish executive function skills. Each skill area contains:
- detailed teaching instructions
- activities organized into sub-skills
- exercises for varying ability levels
- teaching strategies
- a section review with guidelines for skill mastery
- extension activities
- parent strategies
- teacher strategies
Copy the student activity pages or print them from the FREE CD. The book has extra helps to engage students, professionals, and parents in the establishment of the new skills:
- Student Rating Scale
- Parent/Teacher Rating Scale
- Student Questionnaire
- Teacher Questionnaire
- Parent Questionnaire
- profile of strengths and weaknesses for each skill area
- activity logs
- visual organizers
- schedule planners
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- Executive functions are a group of cognitive skills localized in the frontal lobe structures. Deficits in executive functioning involve both discrete skills and the processes that control the use of these skills (Cicerone et al., 2000).
- Executive functioning relates to a person's ability to analyze situations, formulate and act on a plan, and adjust his actions as required to accomplish a task (Horowitz, 2007).
- Students with language-learning disabilities need interventions that focus on executive function, self-regulatory, and language processes in order to promote students' independent functioning (Singer & Bashir, 1999).
- Working memory is one of several factors that can influence the development of children's comprehension skills (Cain, Oakhill, & Bryant, 2004).
- Targeted educational intervention may help decrease the impact of executive function deficits in children with autism spectrum disorders (Happé, Booth, Charlton, & Hughes, 2006).
Executive Functions Training Elementary incorporates these principles and is also based on expert professional practice.
Cain, K., Oakhill, J., & Bryant, P. (2004). Children's reading comprehension ability: Concurrent prediction by working memory, verbal ability, and component skills. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96, 31-42.
Cicerone, K., Dahlberg, C., Kalmar, K., Langenbahn, D., Malec, J., Bergquist, T., . . . Morse, P. (2000). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Recommendations for clinical practice. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 81(2), 1596-1615.
Happé, F., Booth, R., Charlton, R., & Hughes, C. (2006). Executive function deficits in autism spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Examining profiles across domains and ages. Brain and Cognition, 61, 25-39.
Horowitz, S.H. (2007, March 1). Executive functioning and learning disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.ncld.org/ld-basics/ld-aamp-executive-functioning/basic-ef-facts/executive-functioning-and-learning-disabilities
Singer, B.D., & Bashir, A.S. (1999). What are executive functions and self-regulation and what do they have to do with language-learning disorders? Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 30, 265-273.